India unveils a “homegrown” mobile OS to take on Android’s stranglehold in the country


An Indian government official said last week, “India is one of the world’s largest mobile device markets. To create a secure Indian mobile operating system.”This was done as follows India’s Supreme Court has refused to yield to Google’s request to block the judgment from the Competition Commission of India (CCI).
Google has been accused by the CCI of forcing phone manufacturers who want to license the Google Mobile Services (GMS) version of Android to preinstall Google apps such as Chrome, Google Search and YouTube on their devices. I was. Starting tomorrow, Google will have to end restrictions placed on mobile phone makers wanting to license the GMS version of Android in India. Android phones have a whopping 97% share of the Indian smartphone market.

BharOS does not provide default apps

according to register, Minister of Education and Minister of Skills Development and Entrepreneurship Dharmendra Pradhan demonstrated a new mobile operating system developed in India at his workplace on Tuesday. The software, called BharOS, last week Indian Institute of Technology (IIT).

In announcing the creation of BharOS, ITT said it could be installed on “off-the-shelf mobile phones” providing “a secure environment for users.” The operating system has no preloaded apps and no user data is shared. Only private app stores work on this OS. Pradhan also said BharOS does not run malware, but did not elaborate further.

While the operating system is installed without default apps, native over-the-air updates automatically distribute security patches without waiting for the device owner to initiate the process. This means all her BharOS users are running the latest version of the software.

Professor V. Kamakoti, Director of IIT Madras, said: This revolutionary system promises to revolutionize the way users think about security and privacy on their mobile devices. ”

Can BharOS really be considered a unique operating system?

“IIT Madras looks forward to working closely with more private industries, government agencies, strategic agencies and communication service providers to increase the use and adoption of BharOS in our country,” Kamakoti said. , it should be pointed out that BharOS can be considered a forked version of Android, meaning that it has copied the open source code used by Android. This is what Amazon used to create his FireOS for his Fire Phone. These phones don’t need to have a Google Mobile Service (GMS) license, but they don’t offer Google apps or the Google Play store.

If it’s true that it’s built on the Android platform, can India really consider this a homegrown operating system? , possibly because malware-infected apps may have difficulty loading on devices running the operating system. The latest version of the operating system, Huawei’s HarmonyOS 3.0, has removed the Android open source code in order to break ties with Android. BharOS may do it in the future, but that could still be years away.

Here’s why BharOS won’t be challenging Android in India for at least a few years.

97% of India’s smartphone market is dominated by Android-powered handsets, but currently active units are opting to install BharOS to replace Android, thanks to the locked bootloaders found in the country’s handsets. No. Simply put, a bootloader is the first piece of code that runs on your smartphone and is required to load the device’s operating system.

For security reasons, your phone’s bootloader is locked and successful unlocking will void your phone’s warranty. So if BharOS is going to compete with Google’s Android, the smartphone maker will have to produce new phones that can run his OS out of the box.

We should also point out that India is the second largest smartphone market in the world. The country is behind China, but ahead of the United States.


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